Since any student begins to study the law of Copyright in Argentina, we learn that this right protects the expression by a human being of ideas, procedures, methods of operation and mathematical concepts but not those ideas, procedures, methods and concepts in themselves. Typical examples of this exclusion were always weight loss methods, scientific theories and “culinary recipes”.
However, since a few years ago many chefs began to demand some recognition for the recipes and dishes created, according to the first ones, opening the subject to the following debate: does gourmet creation deserve to be protected by copyright? The answer to this basic question will determine if someone who plays the same dish as a chef must pay the author a certain right of remuneration or royalty.
As in any debate, we will always find the two positions: those in favor of recognizing the author’s copyright, basing their thinking on the need to protect the culinary creative act, comparing it with other artistic creations (musical, literary) that do they find protected. While on the other hand, we find the position contaria who argue that only can be considered “author’s dish” to that cooked by its author, …Read More
The Dominican Association of Intellectual Property (ADOPI) expressed concern about legislative measures to amend Law 20-00 on Industrial Property, which protects trademarks, trade names, patents for their counterfeiting and piracy.
In this regard, ADOPI requested to the president of the Chamber of Deputies and the president of his Permanent Commission of Justice to reject the aforementioned project that aims to modify the “Article 44, numeral 4, of Law 65-00 on Copyright” since it considers that “public communication of works” through television sets in medical clinics as an exception from the payment of royalties.
The aforementioned association deepened by saying that with the proposed exception, it is intended to arbitrarily reduce the rights of the authors, since the communication of works carried out in the “public and private hospital setting” is not private but public and hence the affectation to the normal exploitation of the works and the interests of the authors, which violates art. 30 of Law 65-00. In conclusion, ADOPI stressed that clinics can not be exempted from paying royalties, even though their activity is not the broadcasting of audiovisual works but health services. Also, he added in this regard, that the companies providing television …Read More
The Mexican Senate approved on Thursday, April 26, 2018, an amendment to the Federal Law of Copyright that would possibly affect the right to freedom of expression on the Internet. There was no prior discussion in commissions and without respecting the legislative process by 63 votes in favor, 11 against and 23 abstentions.
The aforementioned amendment adds “Article 213 Bis” to the Federal Copyright Law and attaches a paragraph to “Article 215” of the same law. These modifications would allow judges to dictate measures to “suspend public representation, communication and/or execution” and for “the precautionary assurance of the instruments used in public representation, communication or execution” in order to prevent violations of the rights of author.
Regarding these modifications, Luis Fernando García, Director of the Network in Defense of Digital Rights (R3D), reported that the figure of “precautionary measures” is introduced to the head of the courts when there is only suspicion or risk of a violation of copyrights. This would imply that any court will have the power to order that a public communication, for example a video on the Internet, be censored or that servers, routers or other instruments used in its dissemination be …Read More
The potential of Artificial intelligence is enormous. The interconnection of A.I. and art is a relatively less explored field, but in this regard the consequences for intellectual protection law are unpredictable and equally interesting.
In 2016, a network of Dutch museums presented a portrait created by a computer that analysed hundreds of Rembrandt paintings, to finally produce a new artwork in the style of the Dutch artist and that looks exactly as if it had been made by Rembrandt himself.
In the same year, a computer software wrote a brief novel that was admitted into a literary prize in Japan, although it didn’t make it to the final round.
Deep Mind, a Google company, has developed a program that creates original new music by listening to old recordings. The first computer-generated musical debuted in London as early as 2015.
While bots have been present in the creation of work of arts since the 1970s, the difference with modern A.I. lies in the fact that, in the past, the human programmer still had a relevant creative input and the machine merely executed, or reproduced his ideas adding an element of randomness. Today, evolved A.I. …Read More