Second country to ratify the Marrakesh Treaty
On October 1, 2014, El Salvador became the second country to ratify the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) Marrakesh Treaty to Facilitate Access to Published Works for Persons Who are Blind, Visually Impaired, or Otherwise Print Disabled, adopted in Marrakesh, Morocco, in June 2013.
So far, more than 80 WIPO member states have signed the Treaty, including EU, USA, and many Latin American countries such as Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, Chile, Colombia or Peru.
India was the first country to ratify the treaty early this year, and United Arab Emirates followed on October 15, 2014. Recently, the European Commission has proposed its ratification. According to article 18 of the Treaty, it will enter into force three months after it is ratified or accessed by the 20th country.
Currently, it is left to national governments to define what limitations and exceptions to domestic copyright law are permitted. In practice, limitations and exceptions contained in national laws vary widely.
Countries ratifying the Marrakesh Treaty agree to facilitate access of published works in accessible formats for persons who are blind, visually impaired or otherwise print disabled, as well as to introduce minimum standards for limitations and exceptions to domestic copyright law to allow for reproduction and distribution. Additionally, it will allow cross-border exchange of these works in order to facilitate import and export of accessible versions of books and other copyrighted works in different languages.